Uterine prolapse is a condition that occurs when the ligaments or muscles that hold the uterus in place become weak or stretched, according to Healthline. When this occurs, they are unable to properly support the uterus, and a prolapse of the uterus occurs. A uterine prolapse is characterized by the slippage or sagging of the uterus from its ordinary position into the vaginal canal, and it can be either partial or complete, which involves some of the uterine tissue protruding from the vagina.
Women who have had more than one birth vaginally or who have been through menopause are more subject to experience a prolapse of the uterus. Uterine prolapse is seen more often in aging women than young women because of a normal decline in estrogen as a woman gets older, notes Healthline. Estrogen helps to keep the pelvic muscles strong. Pregnancy and childbirth damage the tissues and muscles, leading to an increased risk for prolapse.
The symptoms of uterine prolapse include vaginal bleeding, increased vaginal discharge, sexual problems, or visually observing the cervix or uterus protruding from the vagina. A woman may feel like she is sitting on a ball or have a heavy or pulling feeling in the pelvis. She may also experience recurrent bladder infections and constipation.