A uterine polyp is a tissue growth that develops on the inner lining of the uterine wall and travels into the uterine cavity, explains Mayo Clinic. The growths are caused by excess production of the cells that reside in the uterine lining. In most cases, the polyps are not cancerous.
Uterine polyps can occur in women of all ages; however, the condition tends to be most common in women over the age of 40, explains Healthline. Abnormal menstrual bleeding may indicate the presence of polyps, but in many cases, women with the condition do not experience any symptoms.
In certain cases, uterine polyps interfere with a woman's ability to conceive or hold a full-term pregnancy, explains Cleveland Clinic. Women with uterine polyps may also experience unusual bleeding following sexual intercourse. The condition is detected and diagnosed via tests such as vaginal ultrasounds and biopsies, as well as curettage procedures that can also be utilized as a treatment. Additional treatments for uterine polyps include medications that help balance out hormones and hysteroscopy procedures in which a lighted surgical tool is inserted into the uterus to remove the polyps. If cancer is detected following a biopsy or tissue curettage procedure, a full hysterectomy to remove the uterus may be required.