Triglyceride range charts use results from a blood test to determine whether the triglyceride level is normal, borderline, high or very high, says WebMD. High triglyceride levels may be a risk factor for heart disease, but doctors often examine these levels in combination with cholesterol levels for a clearer picture.
If someone falls into a category of high or very high on the triglyceride range chart, he can lower these levels through dietary and exercise changes, reports WebMD. These changes include getting a reasonable amount of exercise at least five days a week and reducing weight by 5 to 10 percent. Also, levels decrease by eating less saturated fats, cholesterol and trans fats, and drinking less alcohol. Medication is sometimes used to treat very high levels.
When combined with a low level of good cholesterol and a high level of bad cholesterol, high triglyceride levels can signal an increased risk for heart disease, according to WebMD. A high level can also be a problem for people suffering from type 2 diabetes. Medical professionals are unsure how much of an effect triglyceride levels have on the heart by themselves. Usually, a high level of triglycerides is a sign that other risk factors of heart disease are present.