A diabetic record chart, also called blood sugar levels chart, is used by diabetic individuals to monitor their blood sugar levels for a more effective management of diabetes, states Healthline. Blood sugar levels are usually taken before meals, after meals and after intake of medications. The chart is also used to record factors, such as infections, minor illnesses, alterations in activity levels and weather changes, that might cause fluctuations in blood sugar levels.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is caused by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, MedlinePlus explains. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, happens when the body does not properly use insulin. Prolonged exposure to high levels of glucose can cause serious damage to the eyes, nerves and kidneys. It can also lead to the development of heart disease and stroke.
Self-monitoring blood glucose levels is vital to managing diabetes and preventing its long-term complications, reports Mayo Clinic. Diabetic patients commonly use a portable electronic device, called a glucose meter, to test their glucose levels at home. The frequency of testing is determined by the type of diabetes and the treatment plan.
A normal blood glucose level varies from person to person, but it usually ranges between 70 and 100 mg/dl in adults without diabetes. Before meals, diabetic patients should preferably have a blood glucose reading of between 70 and 130 mg/dl. A reading of less than 180mg/dl two hours after meals is ideal, according to Healthline.