Urinalysis interpretation involves interpreting all components of a urine test and linking them to the clinical signs and symptoms of the patient. The doctor who orders the urine test is responsible for the interpretation, states MedicineNet.
A regular urinalysis covers many components, including urine color, clarity and odor, specific gravity, and pH, protein, glucose, nitrite and ketone levels. Protein is not usually found in urine, and its presence can be linked to pregnancy or kidney disease, whereas the presence of glucose in urine can be linked to diabetes or kidney damage, explains WebMD.
Microscopic analysis forms part of urinalysis. In this test, urine is spun in a centrifuge so that the sediment settles at the bottom. The sediment is then spread onto a slide and studied under a microscope, allowing for the examination of red and white blood cells, crystals, squamous cells, bacteria and yeast cells, states WebMD.
Urinalysis requires collecting a sample of urine from the patient. The best time of day to collect a urine sample is early in the morning, as this is typically when the most concentrated urine is produced. The sample is then taken to a laboratory for analysis within an hour of collection, notes MedicineNet.