Ureaplasma is transmitted through intimate sexual contact, according to Merck Manual. Ureaplasma urealyticum can cause sexually transmitted proctitis, urethritis and pharyngitis in men and women, and cervicitis in women. Doctors treat the infections with azithromycin in a single dose, or tetracycline or antibiotics such as erythromycin for one week. As of 2015, it is not practical to detect Ureaplasma sp as part of a routine practice. Sexually acquired ureaplasmal infections can impact a patient's cervix, urethra, rectum or throat.
The first urine that patients void in the morning produces highly sensitive samples for nucleic acid amplification tests that doctors use to diagnose ureaplasma infections, explains Merck Manual. Men develop symptomatic urethritis after about one to four weeks of incubation. Symptoms typically start with mildly painful urination, urethral discomfort and a discharge ranging from clear to mucus and pus-like. Generally, women do not display symptoms, but some may experience vaginal discharge and urinary discomfort. People who have orogenital or rectal contact with an infected person can contract proctitis or pharyngitis.
Ureaplasma is bacteria that reproductive endocrinologists see in reproductive tracts of both genders, according to Dominion Fertility. Doctors observe the bacteria in couples that are healthy and fertile, as well as in infertile couples. When cervical cultures are positive for ureaplasma, fertility clinic doctors typically treat the patient and her sexual partner with doxycycline or other antibiotics.