Knee inflammation is usually treatable by protecting, resting, icing, compressing and elevating the knee, explains WebMD. When these steps do not resolve the discomfort, over-the-counter medication for pain is commonly taken. Visiting a doctor for an examination is also recommended for pain that is persistent or bothersome.
To guard the knee from further injury, a splint or padding is used for protection, according to WebMD. Limiting or avoiding walking or placing pressure on the knee is advised so the injury has adequate resting time to heal. Icing the inflamed area up to three times a day for 20 minutes at a time helps to alleviate pain and promotes healing by stimulating the flow of oxygen to the muscle tissues. Compression of the knee with a brace or by wrapping it with a medical bandage helps to maintain the alignment of the joint.
Elevating the knee above the heart reduces swelling and supports healthy circulation by preventing the accumulation of fluid, notes WebMD. Pain relievers including ibuprofen, acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are available without a prescription are also used in the treatment of knee pain. However these medications are not recommended for everyone, as people with kidney disease and other conditions should not take certain medications.