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What is the typical treatment for gout in the foot?

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Quick Answer

Typical gout treatment for the foot includes rest, ice for swelling and short-term medication such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, colchicine and/or oral corticosteroids, depending on the patient's condition. In long term cases, additional drugs prevent further outbreaks, along with lifestyle modifications involving diet and exercise, according to WebMD.

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Full Answer

The primary goals for gout treatment include swift pain relief and the prevention of long-term complications such as renal damage and degeneration of joints. In addition to the medicines listed above, doctors may also prescribe uricosuric agents, xanthine oxidase inhibitors and pegloticase to reduce levels of uric acid in the blood and keep gout from recurring, states WebMD.

When the uric acid crystallizes and forms nodules known as tophi, xanthine oxidase inhibitors reduce their size until they are no longer visible. Long-term medication regimens for gout may be necessary for people who have extremely high uric acid levels. Lifestyle changes include managing weight and undergoing a regular exercise program. Limiting the consumption of meat, seafood and alcohol also reduces the likelihood of future gout out breaks. Because some medications elevate the level of uric acid in the system, it is important to list all medications that one is taking for the physician when seeking treatment for gout, notes WebMD.

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