Typical treatment for hand dystonia includes injections of Botox into the muscle experiencing spasms, a variety of prescription medications, sensory trick, stress management and physical therapy, according to WebMD. For patients with a disabling case of hand dystonia, deep brain stimulation may be an option.
Botox, a relatively new treatment for dystonia, works by blocking the chemical that creates the muscle contractions, WebMD explains. After three months, patients require another injection.
Doctors prescribe a variety of medications for dystonia, such as diazepam, levodopa, clonazepam and procyclidine hydrochloride, WebMD reports. These medications work by reducing the repeated message from the brain telling the hand muscle to contract.
Dystonia patients sometimes get relief from sensory trick, a therapy in which doctors apply stimulation to the affected muscle or another place nearby, WebMD states. The stimulation eases the muscle contractions, and after treatment, patients can simply touch the affected area to control muscle contractions.
Doctors consider deep brain stimulation for patients with debilitating dystonia, WebMD explains. This procedure involves implanting an electrode in a targeted part of the brain. Doctors connect the electrode to a stimulator inserted in the chest. The stimulator sends electric pulses to the electrode to reduce muscle spasms. Doctors regulate the intensity and frequency of the electric pulse.