Typical treatments for sciatica pain in the buttock include applying hot or cold packs, stretching, and taking over-the-counter pain relieving medications, such as naproxen or ibuprofen, according to Mayo Clinic. It is important to continue being active, while avoiding whatever caused the sciatica pain initially.
Most people are able to heal from sciatica pain naturally with basic self-care measures, notes Mayo Clinic. Ice should be applied to the affected area for up to 20 minutes at a time, multiple times each day. After two or three days have passed, apply a hot compress to the painful area. Alternating between hot and cold packs may alleviate pain that remains after the first few days. Lower-back stretches may help to relieve pain associated with sciatica. Hold stretches for at least 30 seconds at a time, and avoid any sudden movements.
Sciatica pain usually starts around the lower back, and spreads through the buttock and down the leg, according to Mayo Clinic. The severity of sciatica pain ranges from very mild to extremely severe. It usually only affects one side of the body, and sitting for an extended period of time can make the pain worse. Coughing or sneezing may also aggravate sciatica pain. Some people with sciatica may experience weak, tingling or numb legs or feet, which may be present in addition to sciatica pain elsewhere in the body.