In the United States, some typical survival rates for dialysis patients are 77 percent after 1 year, 28 percent after a 5-year period and approximately 10 percent after 10 years, notes WebMD. However, there can be many factors that can influence a patient's life expectancy, such as having other underlying medical conditions, states the National Kidney Foundation.
Although the average life expectancy for a dialysis patient is between 5 and 10 years, many patients can live on dialysis between 20 and 30 years, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Another factor that can determine a patient's life expectancy is if he follows the recommended treatment plan.
Dialysis is required at end stage kidney failure. End stage Kidney failure occurs when there is a decrease in kidney function of nearly 90 percent and a glomerular filtration rate that is less than 15. The two forms of dialysis are hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis treatments may be needed for the rest of a patient's life, unless the patient is a candidate for a kidney transplant.