What is the typical prognosis for endometrial cancer?


Quick Answer

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, if the endometrial cancer has not spread, 95 percent of women diagnosed survive after five years. If the cancer has spread to other body parts, 25 percent of women remain alive after five years.

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Full Answer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. As of 2014, the cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. The Mayo Clinic explains that risk factors include the onset of menstruation before the age of 12, never being pregnant, obesity and having undergone menopause. The American Cancer Society states the symptoms for endometrial cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain in the pelvis, non-bloody, abnormal vaginal discharge, feeling a mass or tumor in the lower abdomen, and losing weight without trying. As of 2014, The NLM states there are no standard screening tests for endometrial cancer, although if found at an early stage, the cancer is highly treatable. Mayo Clinic states that tests used to diagnosis endometrial cancer include a pelvic exam, transvaginal ultrasound and biopsy to remove tissues from the uterine lining for further analysis. According to the NLM, treatments for endometrial cancer include chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgical removal of the uterus.

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