The prognosis for cerebellar ataxia depends on the cause of the condition. Although ataxia is not treatable, remedying the underlying condition causing it may either resolve the ataxia or enable resolution over time, explains Mayo Clinic. Certain causes of ataxia, such as cerebral palsy or multiple sclerosis, are not treatable.
Characterized by loss of voluntary muscle control, ataxia is a condition that negatively impacts speech, movement, swallowing and eye movement. The causes of ataxia, which include alcohol abuse, stroke, a defective gene or tumor, are conditions that affect the cerebellum. Injuries to the head, spinal cord and peripheral nerves also affect the cerebellum and may cause ataxia. Persistent ataxia leads to cerebellar ataxia, notes Mayo Clinic, and head injuries may trigger acute cerebellar ataxia.
Loss of blood flow to the brain characterizes a transient ischemic attack, a precursor to ataxia, although symptoms of the attack, such as loss of coordination, are temporary. Vitamin deficiencies and viral infections can also affect the function of the cerebellum. Vitamin B-12 or vitamin E deficiencies may be the result of the body’s inability to absorb them. Chickenpox or other viral infections can result in ataxia development during the healing stages of the disease, reports Mayo Clinic. Ataxia can develop slowly, or it may occur suddenly.