Common health risks for obese women include heart disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, according to WomensHealth.gov. Additional health risks are breathing issues, arthritis, gall bladder disease and certain types of cancer.
For women, the area of the body where fat is stored plays a role in health. Women who have a waistline that is more than 35 inches have a higher risk for health complications than women who store fat around the hips and butt. Doctors consider those who have a body mass index of 30 or greater to be obese, states WomensHealth.gov. Those with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 are overweight.
Obesity and being overweight happens when the amount of calories consumed is greater than the amount of calories used. Factors that contribute to weight gain include diet and physical behaviors and the environment, says WomensHealth.gov. Obesity is a problem that is continuing to get worse in the United States, as of 2015. Cultural norms that play a role in this development are large meal portions, not enough time to exercise or cook healthy food, and the use of cars instead of walking.
Behaviors that help women lose weight include consuming a low-calorie diet with a variety of healthy foods and getting more exercise. Examples of healthy foods include fruits, vegetables and whole grains, according to WomensHealth.gov.