Typical exercises for rehabilitation of a torn meniscus, particularly the medial cartilage meniscus around the knee, include mobility, strengthening, hip abduction, balanced board, plyometric and agility workouts, suggests Sports Injury Clinic. Only patients who no longer experience pain from their injury are recommended to undergo an exercise regimen.
Generally, patients on a rehabilitation program from an injured meniscus begin with isometrics, advance to working out with resistance bands and eventually perform plyometrics prior to engaging in full functional training. An early postoperative goal is to increase movement around the knee joint through mobility exercises, which include flexion extension exercises and heel slides. The former involves flexing and extending the knee while sitting down or in an upright position. The latter entails lying supine on the floor with one knee bent upward and the heel of the foot moving along the floor towards the lower rear area.
Strengthening exercises for a torn meniscus, such as static hamstring contractions, calf raises and isometric quads contractions, are designed to improve stability in patients. Hip abduction workouts, typically performed with resistance bands or ankle weights for enhanced difficulty, include half squats, leg presses, bridge exercises and lunges.
Although balanced board exercises using wobble board devices are usually geared for ankle trauma therapy, patients with injured medial meniscus may also benefit from this type of workout, notes Sports Injury Clinic. Plyometric exercises combine jumping, springing and leaping motions to build muscular strength in the injured knee. Patients who are able to perform agility drills are on their way to a complete recovery and regaining full physical fitness.