The typical treatment course for mild cases of encephalitis includes bed rest, plenty of fluids and over-the-counter pain relievers that reduce inflammation and relieve pain, such as acetaminophen and naproxen sodium, according to Mayo Clinic. If the cause is viral, antiviral medicines, such as Zovirax, Foscavir and Cytovene, are typically used.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain, according to Mayo Clinic. The most common cause of this condition is viral infection. In the majority of cases, a person experiences only mild flu-like symptoms, such as fever and headache. In some cases, the patient may report no symptoms. However, the condition can be life-threatening in rare cases and may require hospitalization.
When a person requires hospital care, supportive therapy is often used as part of the treatment course, states Mayo Clinic. This can include monitoring breathing and giving breathing assistance, anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce swelling around the brain, intravenous fluids to maintain proper hydration, and anticonvulsant medications to stop or prevent seizures.
After the initial illness, the patient may require follow-up care as part of her treatment course, states Mayo Clinic. Depending on the severity and complications, she may need to undergo physical therapy, speech therapy or psychotherapy to develop or strengthen skills that she may have lost.