A typhoid fever rash consists of small red spots commonly located on the chest and abdomen, explains MedlinePlus. The red dots on the skin are often called "rose spots" because they consist of a bright red color.
A typhoid fever rash is often accompanied by diarrhea and is typically caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria, according to MedlinePlus. The condition is spread through contaminated water, drink and food that allows bacteria to enter the body. The bacteria causes symptoms when it travels into the intestines and the bloodstream. Salmonella typhi bacteria can also spread to the spleen, liver, gallbladder and lymph nodes.
Small red spots on the skin are common with this condition, but patients can also develop abdominal pain, fever and a general ill-feeling, states MedlinePlus. Severe diarrhea often occurs when the condition worsens. Additional symptoms of typhoid fever include bloody stools, chills, severe fatigue, nosebleeds and tenderness in the abdomen. Some patients experience confusion, fluctuating moods, difficulty paying attention and hallucinations. A general lethargic or sluggish feeling is common as well as weakness and agitation. A typhoid fever rash and additional symptoms are treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria and electrolytes and fluids to replenish the body with uncontaminated liquids.