Essential vitamins for women include antioxidants, B vitamins and vitamins D and K, according to WebMD. Although it's best for women to get these vitamins from food, supplements can help where the diet lacks.
Vitamins A, C and E make up the antioxidant group that aids in concentration, eyesight, skin and soft tissue health. They can also help the body heal and slow signs of aging, explains WebMD. Many fruits and vegetables are great sources of these antioxidants. B vitamins, particularly B6, B12 and folic acid, help the body maintain healthy brain function, metabolism and red blood cell production. These are especially important for pregnant women or those who intend to become pregnant. Many foods, such as fish, avocados and bananas, contain B vitamins.
Vitamin D works as a hormone to move minerals such as calcium into the bloodstream to maintain bone health. Found in eggs, fish and dairy, women can also receive vitamin D from sunlight. HealthLine recommends getting 10 to 15 minutes of sunlight twice a day without sunscreen.
While not considered an essential vitamin, vitamin K, found in beef, fish oil and leafy green vegetables, plays a vital role in bone strength and blood clotting, reports WebMD.