The two types of migraine are known as a migraine with aura and a migraine without aura, also known as a classic migraine or common migraine, respectively, according to WebMD. The aura refers to the symptoms that occur before the onset of pain.
The pre-pain symptoms that occur in a migraine with aura include distortions in vision, such as experiencing bright, flashing lights or black spots, seeing wavy lines, or experiencing a loss of vision, according to WebMD. The other senses may also be affected, and possible symptoms include a ringing in the ears and distortions in taste, smell and touch. Types of migraines included in the migraine with aura category include a hemiplegic migraine, which can cause temporary partial paralysis and other symptoms similar to those of a stroke; retinal migraine, which manifests as a dull pain accompanied by some loss of vision; basilar artery migraine, which can cause loss of balance and vomiting; status migrainosus; and ophthalmoplegic migraine. A person who has a migraine without aura does not experience these symptoms, but anxiety, depression or fatigue may occur prior to the onset of pain.
Treatments for migraines include both prescription and over-the-counter pain-relieving drugs and anti-nausea drugs, according to WebMD. Doctors also treat migraines with medications designed to stop migraine pain before it begins and with biofeedback, which trains patients to stop migraine attacks at the first sign of symptoms. Doctors also use magnetic stimulation to treat migraines.