Rheumatologists, neurologists and infectious disease specialists are doctors who treat Lyme disease, according to WebMD. Infectious disease specialists are doctors of internal medicine such as pediatricians for children or internists for adults.
A general physician prescribes antibiotics to kill the infection, while a rheumatologist treats the lingering arthritic symptoms, according to Mayo Clinic. Neurologists provide treatment for potential complications of stage 2 Lyme disease, as detailed by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. A neurologist assesses symptoms pertaining to the nervous system, including paralysis of the face, vision problems, numbness of the limbs and stiffness of the neck.