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What are the types of neuropathy?

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Quick Answer

Different types of neuropathy include peripheral, proximal, cranial, autonomic, focal and diabetic, according to eMedicineHealth. All neuropathy types affect different parts of the body, and these illnesses are due to disease or injury.

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What are the types of neuropathy?
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Full Answer

eMedicineHealth notes that peripheral neuropathy occurs when the peripheral nerves are affected. They are located on the outer parts of the brain and spinal cord. Peripheral neuropathy irritates the toes, feet, hands, fingers and arms. Proximal neuropathy damages the nerves of the hips, buttocks and thighs.

eMedicineHealth adds that cranial neuropathy is the affliction of any of the cranial nerves that exit from the brain. There are two types of cranial neuropathy: optic and auditory. Optic neuropathy is damage done to the nerves that transmit visual cues from the retina to the brain. Auditory neuropathy has an effect on the nerves that carry signals of the inner ear to the brain.

eMedicineHealth claims that autonomic neuropathy compromises the involuntary nervous system, the nerves that manage the heart, digestion, bladder, perspiration and blood pressure. Autonomic neuropathy also affects the nerves of various organs in the body. Focal neuropathy impacts one or more nerves, and it can affect certain parts of the body. Focal neuropathy is more likely to appear in a sudden manner. Diabetic neuropathy is caused by diabetes.

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