Some common neurological eye disorders, or neuro-ophthalmic disorders, include stroke, multiple sclerosis and aneurysms, notes University of Maryland Medical Center. Brain tumors, myasthenia gravis, thyroid eye disease and brain infections affect vision as well.
Neurological disorders that affect the right part of the brain, where the optical center is located, result in potential visual problems, explains University of Maryland Medical Center. Stroke survivors commonly suffer visual impairment. Early signs of multiple sclerosis include vision problems.
Thyroid eye disease is a disorder that causes the muscles and soft tissues within the eye socket to swell; and, myasthenia gravis causes the muscles to become easily tired and weak around the eyes, explains Patient, medical information site.