Diuretics, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta blockers and calcium channel blockers are all commonly used types of medicines for high blood pressure, notes Mayo Clinic. Renin inhibitors also promote the lowering of blood pressure in the body.
Diuretics are generally only a medical remedy for people with stage one hypertension. Also known as water pills, these flush extra sodium and water out of the body. In concert with lifestyle changes, diuretics may make the necessary change for people whose high blood pressure is still mild, according to Mayo Clinic.
ACE inhibitors let blood vessels widen by keeping angiotensin (a hormone) from forming; Angiotensin II receptor blockers perform a similar function. Beta blockers keep some hormonal and neurological signals from making their way to the blood vessels and heart, bringing blood pressure down. Calcium channel blockers keep calcium out of the muscle cells in the blood vessels and heart; the cells relax as a consequence, reducing blood pressure. Finally, renin inhibitors hinder the production of renin, a kidney enzyme that, if left to work, begins a series of chemical steps that boost blood pressure. Some patients end up taking a combination of different types of medicine, reports Mayo Clinic