What Are Some Types of Isolation Precautions?


Quick Answer

Some of the types of isolation precautions include airborne precaution, contact precaution and droplet precaution, explains MedlinePlus. These precautions are meant to create barriers between patients and germs to prevent the spread of different types of germs.

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Full Answer

Airborne precaution is for germs that can float in the air and travel, leading to disease transmission, explains MedlinePlus. This type of precaution helps keep visitors, patients and other patients from breathing in the germs. Some of the germs that call for airborne precautions include tuberculosis, measles and chickenpox. Patients with these types of germs are placed in special rooms where air is gently sucked out, preventing it from flowing into the hallway.

Contact precaution is for germs that are spread through touching, explains MedlinePlus. This type of precaution helps keep visitors and staff, or the patients themselves, from spreading germs after touching an object touched by a patient. Some of the germs that warrant contact precaution are norovirus and C. difficile.

Droplet precaution helps prevent contact with secretions, such as mucus, from airway, sinuses, throat and lungs, explains MedlinePlus. When patients cough, sneeze or talk. Droplets containing germs can travel about 3 feet, causing disease transmission. Illnesses that call for droplet precautions include mumps, pertussis and influenza.

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