Potential risks of a hysterectomy include chronic pain, the formation of a fistula, urinary incontinence and vaginal prolapse, as stated by WebMD. Less common risks include damage to surrounding organs, infection, blood clots and hemorrhaging.
Although a hysterectomy is generally considered a low-risk procedure, a small number of women experience complications such as an unnatural connection forming between the bladder and vagina or a part of the vagina bulging from the body, according to WebMD. A woman enters menopause immediately after the surgery if both ovaries are removed, and she may enter menopause early if one ovary remains.
Women who undergo a hysterectomy may also have a greater risk of developing urinary incontinence, heart disease and bone loss, as confirmed by the Office on Women's Health. Some women may have a decreased interest in sex following the procedure, especially if the ovaries are taken out. Vaginal dryness is another common occurrence. Although some women experience a sense of relief after the procedure, others may experience feelings of depression, sadness or grief due to the loss of fertility. If symptoms such as decreased energy and a lack of interest in preferred activities last longer than several weeks, the patient should consult a doctor for treatment options.