Hormone-related cancers include breast, endometrial, ovarian, prostate, testicular and thyroid cancer according to the scientific journal Carcinogenesis. Cancers of the bone known as osteosarcomas are also often related to hormones.
Hormonal cancers share a unique dependence on circulating hormones for their pathogenesis as compared to other cancers, according to Carcinogenesis. This makes many subtypes of these cancers sensitive to treatments that affect the hormones or hormone receptors that drive their proliferation. An example of this type of treatment is the use of tamoxifen to treat hormone-related breast cancer; however, it is possible for a hormone-related cancer to mutate sufficiently that hormone-based treatments are no longer effective in stopping its progress.