Foods considered part of a bland diet include low-fat dairy products, cooked vegetables, cooked or canned fruits, refined grain products and lean meats. Other options include pudding, custard, eggs and broth. Such foods allow the person following the diet to avoid irritating his gastrointestinal tract.
Since bland diets are generally prescribed for those with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, dyspepsia and reflux esophagitis, they consist of easily digestible, low-fiber foods that are not spicy. Highly seasoned foods, raw fruits and vegetables and fried foods tend to upset the digestive system of people with the above conditions.
Vegetables that often cause flatulence, such as cabbage, broccoli, asparagus, onions and peppers, are not included in a bland diet. Similarly, high fiber fruits such as prunes and dates, are also not included.
While most dairy products are suitable for those on a bland diet, people on such a diet must avoid ingredients such as nuts and chocolate, which are not included in a bland diet, but can often be found in otherwise bland foods, such as ice cream. Refined breads, cereals and crackers are permitted, as they are easily digested. Whole grains, on the other hand, are too high in fiber to be included.