Some of the most common eye conditions in children include conjunctivitis, chalazions, styes and amblyopia, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. While amblyopia and vision disorders should be treated by an ophthalmologist, other eye diseases may be addressed by a primary care physician or pediatric physician.
Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, can result from an extremely contagious bacterial or viral infection or from an allergic reaction, states the American Academy of Ophthalmology. The white of the eye may appear red or pink and is generally accompanied by tearing or discharge, and the child may experience itching or discomfort. Children who may have contagious conjunctivitis should stay home from school to avoid infecting other children. The condition generally resolves within three to seven days. Chalazions and styes are lumps that form on or near the edge of the eyelid. While chalazions are caused by a clogged oil gland, styes are caused by an eyelash follicle that has become infected.
Amblyopia, sometimes called lazy eye, occurs when one eye has underdeveloped vision and tends to occur in early childhood, notes the American Academy of Ophthalmology. The condition affects approximately 2 to 3 percent of the U.S. population. While one eye stares straight ahead, the other eye my drift in a different direction.