What Are the Types of Eczema?


Quick Answer

According to the National Eczema Association, the different types of eczema include atopic dermatitis, hand eczema, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, neurodermatitis and statis dermatitis. Eczema is a general term for any type of rash that causes the skin to become inflamed and itchy.

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What Are the Types of Eczema?
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Full Answer

Atopic dermatitis is the most common and severe type of eczema, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. This chronic disease typically starts in infancy and is genetic. Symptoms include dry, scaly skin on the cheeks, arms and legs. Flare-ups occur randomly throughout childhood, but 90 percent of children outgrow it by puberty, according to Physician's Desk Reference.

Hand eczema is caused by both genetics and external irritants, and is particularly common for those that work with chemicals regularly, such as in the cleaning and health care industries. Contact dermatitis can occur anywhere on the skin as a reaction to an irritant, such as pesticide, or an allergen like perfume.

Seborrehic dermatitis creates a rounded, red shape and causes dry, flaky skin. When it occurs on the scalp of infants, it is known as cradle cap, which cause itchy dandruff. Dyshidrotic Eczema causes blisters on the hands and soles of the feet.

Nummular Eczema creates raised, coin-shaped spots on the skin, which can become very scaly and dry. It is not genetic and may be caused by dry skin, an insect bite, or inflammation on other parts of the body.

Neurodermatitis is similar to atopic dermatitis, but it creates distinct patches of thick, scaly skin that takes a longer time to heal and fade away.

Finally, statis dermatitis occurs primarily in the lower legs when there is an issue with blood flow to the veins from a separate health issue, such as varicose veins. This type of eczema can cause swelling, redness and even oozing through cracks in the skin in severe cases.

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