Generally, an examination of the pelvic region is done by a doctor called a gynecologist, according to Healthline. A gynecologist inspects a woman's reproductive and sexual organs beginning at age 21, unless health concerns cause need for an earlier examination.
Pelvic exams are done for a variety of reasons, notes Healthline. Women who have a family history of cancer or unusual bleeding or discharge from the vagina require gynecological care. Some gynecologists do a pelvic exam before prescribing birth control. During a pelvic exam, the doctor does a test called a "Pap smear" to check for cancer and sexually transmitted diseases. A manual examination is done to feel any abnormalities of the uterus and ovaries.