A general surgeon performs the two types of hernia surgery, explains Beaumont Health System. Open surgery involves the removal of the gallbladder by cutting directly through the muscle. In laparoscopic surgery, a surgeon makes small incisions with the use of a video monitor.
Patients should discuss options and risks with their surgeon prior to deciding what hernia surgery option is right for them, advises Beaumont Health System. With open repair, the surgeon works directly through a larger incision and repairs the tear in a more traditional manner. Using laparoscopic repair, a small electronic scope, inserted through small incisions, functions as the surgeon's eyes for the procedure. Medical history, overall health and age are among the variables that might help a patient and a surgeon determine which option is appropriate.