The online resources Drugs and WebMD have lists of the different types of depression medications along with there side effects. The major depression medications listed on these sites are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. These different antidepressants are prescribed because they help elevate the amount of the brain chemicals linked with depression, relates WebMD.
These chemicals are called neurotransmitters and low levels in them can lead to depression symptoms. Two of these brain chemicals are serotonin and norepinephrine, relates the Mayo Clinic. Doctors prescribe these different types of antidepressants considering different factors like specific symptoms present, possible side effects and interaction with other medications a patient may be taking.
The list of antidepressants include generic and brand name medications. For example, Celexa is a brand name and its generic form is citalopram, which is listed as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, can have side effects like headaches and decreased sexual drive, reports WebMD. Similarly, an example of a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor is the brand Effexor. The generic form of this medication is called venlafaxine XR, and some side effects linked with it are anxiety and dizziness.
These lists contain many different medications with a variety of side effects associated with them. The lists also include other antidepressants that can not be classified as being in the four major groups. The Mayo Clinic website gives an overview of these major antidepressant medications. Depression is a serious medical condition that can affect a person's mood and behavior.