What Are Some Types of Antibiotics?


Quick Answer

Types of antibiotics include penicillins, fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins, according to eMedicineHealth. Sulfonamides, including co-trimoxazole and trimethoprim, and macrolides, which include erythromycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin, are other types of antibiotics.

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Full Answer

One example of penicillin antiboitics is amoxicillin. Doctors give this in the treatment of bacterial infections, including bladder and ear infections, pneumonia, gonorrhea and E. coli, notes eMedicineHealth. Doctors often combine it with clarithromycin to treat stomach ulcers resulting from Helicobacter pylori infection. However, amoxicillin may cause mouth sores, skin paleness, facial inflammation, stomach ache and nausea accompanied with vomiting. It is advisable to seek immediate medical attention when these side effects appear.

Fluoroquinolones include levofloxacin and ofloxacin, which is also know as Floxin, states eMedicineHealth. While the former helps in treating bacterial infections that attack body parts such as the bladder, kidneys, prostate and the skin, the latter is useful in treating bacterial infections responsible for conditions such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Ofloxacin also treats skin infections, prostate infections and pneumonia-causing infections, just like levofloxacin. However, these antibiotics may result in various side effects, including watery diarrhea, skin paleness, hand and leg numbness, and high body temperature, which call for emergency medical attention.

An example of cephalosporin antibiotics is cephalexin, which treats bacterial infections that attack the skin, upper respiratory system, ears and the urinary tract, explains eMedicineHealth. However, it may cause side effects that necessitate immediate medical care. The side effects include seizure, skin paleness, diarrhea, vomiting and pain in the joints.

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