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What type of treatment is involved with a brain bleed?

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Quick Answer

A brain bleed or brain hemorrhage is treated with surgery and medications, such as painkillers, corticosteroids, diuretics to reduce swelling and anticonvulsants to control seizures, according to WebMD. Treatment for a brain hemorrhage depends on its location, cause and the extent of the bleeding.

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Full Answer

A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused by the bursting of an artery in the brain, states WebMD. Bleeding in the brain irritates brain tissues and causes swelling that can reduce vital blood flow, resulting in the destruction of brain cells. Causes of a brain hemorrhage may include: head trauma; high blood pressure; aneurysm; blood vessel abnormalities; blood or bleeding disorders; liver disease; brain tumors and amyloid angiopathy, an abnormality of blood-vessel walls that may occur with aging and high blood pressure.

Symptoms of a brain hemorrhage vary depending on its location and the severity of the bleeding, and they may develop suddenly or over time. They can include a sudden, severe headache; seizures with no prior history; weakness in an arm or leg; nausea or vomiting; decreased alertness; lethargy; changes in vision; tingling or numbness; difficulty speaking or understanding speech; difficulty swallowing, writing or reading; loss of fine motor skills, coordination or balance; an abnormal sense of taste and loss of consciousness.

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