One type of surgery that is used to remove the gallbladder is open gall bladder surgery, according to the National Institutes of Health. Another way to remove the gallbladder is laparascopically, says the Mayo Clinic.
Open gall bladder removal is done under general anesthesia, when the patient is asleep, claims the NIH. The surgeon makes an incision of between 5 and 7 inches long on the upper right side of the abdomen. Then, she carefully resects the blood vessels and ducts from the gall bladder and remove it. The surgeon might be aided during the surgery with X-ray. This helps her better identify the bile ducts and discover any gallstones within them. This type of surgery is called a cholecystectomy and takes about an hour. It requires a hospital stay of one to four days.
A less invasive type of cholecystectomy is done via a laparoscope, says the Mayo Clinic. In this surgery, the surgeon makes four tiny incisions in the abdomen. Working with a tiny camera attached to a video monitor and miniaturized tools, she then removes the gall bladder. Again, she is aided by X-rays or ultrasound to discover gallstones or other problems. This surgery also takes about an hour or two.