Foods low in purines, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, are good for gout sufferers, as purines contribute to the buildup of uric acid that causes gout symptoms. Fatty meat, fatty fish, organ meats, and fatty seafood all are high in purines and should be avoided, notes the Mayo Clinic.
In people who do not suffer from gout, the body is able to process uric acid and send excess levels out through the kidney and bladder, as part of liquid urine. However, people who take in too much uric acid find that it forms urate crystals, which are sharp and shaped like needles. These crystals gather in the joints, causing significant pain. Eating a diet heavy in foods that are low in purines helps the body's uric acid levels return to normal and the urate crystals gradually break down. Adding low-fat dairy products to a diet high in complex carbohydrates provides a nutritionally complete diet that works to eliminate gout, according to Mayo Clinic.
Hydration is another key step in lowering uric acid levels for gout sufferers. Taking in fluids dilutes the levels of uric acid, so drinking at least 64 ounces of water a day is ideal for breaking down uric acid levels to the point where gout eases, as stated by Mayo Clinic.