What Type of Eye Drops Are Used for Glaucoma?


Quick Answer

Prostaglandin analogs, beta blockers, alpha agonists and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are the four types of eye drops used to treat glaucoma, explains the Glaucoma Research Foundation. Combined medications are also available for those patients who need multiple medications to reduce their eye pressure.

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Full Answer

Prostaglandin analogs reduce eye pressure by increasing the amount of fluid that flows out from the eye, according to the Glaucoma Research Foundation. Beta blockers reduce the amount of fluid produced by the eye. Alpha agonists reduce the amount of fluid produced, like a beta blocker, and increase fluid drainage like a prostglandin analog. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors reduce the amount of intraocular fluid produced.

Glaucoma is a condition that causes optic nerve damage as a result of abnormally high pressure in the eye, notes Mayo Clinic. It is a leading cause of blindness in the United States.

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