Many types of equipment are available for helping patients with low back pain, including back braces, lumbar support pillows, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and traction devices, states WebMD and Everyday Health. Which equipment is used depends on the severity of the pain and its cause.
Mild lower back pain may be helped with some ergonomic changes at home and regular workouts to strengthen the core. Sitting at a desk for long periods of time can force the spine out of its natural curve and put stress on nerves and muscles in the lower back. A lumbar support pillow may help keep the spine in the correct position, notes Spine-Health. Another option is getting an office chair with built-in lumbar support.
Those who do heavy lifting or are currently dealing with back pain may want to used a fabric back brace, as noted by Everyday Health. These braces limit movement and provide external support of the back.
Patients may attempt to treat the pain of lower back problems with traction and TENS devices. The TENS machine provides nerve stimulation using small amounts of electrical current. In theory, this stimulation helps block the pain signals from getting to the brain. Another theory is that the stimulation encourages the brain to release natural pain-relieving endorphins.
Spinal decompression with a traction device is sometimes used for patients who have compressed nerves or herniated disks. Patients lay on a bed and are strapped in at strategic points. The bed tilts down at the head slightly and may also use motorized traction to gently open up the spine, states WebMD.