Vascular surgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating illnesses affecting the body's veins, arteries and lymphatic systems, explains the American College of Surgeons. They obtain a board certification in general surgery and finish further training in vascular surgery.
Vascular surgeons are well-trained in performing procedures such as open and endovascular, catheter-based operations, states the American College of Surgeons. They also have the necessary technical skills to perform noninvasive vascular testing. They help prevent strokes by treating arterial blockages, improve circulation by revascularizing upper and lower limbs and manage aneurysms in the abdomen or other areas. Vascular surgeons are also skilled in performing angioplasty, which involves stenting of obstructions in arteries or repairing aneurysms in the abdomen.
General surgeons train and practice in vascular surgery or other specializations by acquiring board certification from the American Board of Surgery, according to the American College of Surgeons. They generally care for patients with different types of diseases affecting various parts of the body, including the head, neck, abdomen, skin and gastrointestinal systems.
General surgeons make accurate diagnoses of conditions and perform appropriate care before, during and after operations, notes the American College of Surgeons. Additionally, general surgeons manage the complete treatment of trauma victims and critically ill patients. Besides vascular surgery, general surgeons may further specialize in pediatric surgery, hand surgery or critical care surgery.