Urologists, radiation oncologists and medical oncologists may all treat kidney cancer, depending on the stage of the cancer and the treatment options recommended, according to the American Cancer Society. A urologist specializes in treating urinary system diseases, while an oncologist treats cancer.
A radiation oncologist specializes in treating cancer using radiation therapy, according to the American Cancer Society. A medical oncologist treats cancer using different medicines or chemotherapy. Other specialists that provide treatment for kidney cancer include nurses, nurse practitioners and physical therapists.
Treatment options for kidney cancer may include surgery, radiation or targeted therapies, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and ablation, among others, notes the American Cancer Society.