Patients with Ménières disease typically see an otolaryngologist for treatment, states the American Academy of Otolaryngology. An otolaryngologist specializes in diseases and disorders of the ears, throat and nose, which include issues pertaining to the sinuses, face and neck. An otolaryngologist is also known as an ear, nose and throat, or ENT, physician.
An otolaryngologist assists patients in choosing a treatment plan, states the American Academy of Otolaryngology. Treatments include a low-salt diet and diuretics, air pressure generators, surgery, anti-vertigo medications, and intratympanic injections such as gentamicin or dexamethasone.
Otolaryngologists treat, both medically and surgically, conditions of the ear, including ear infections, tinnitus, hearing loss and balance disorders, explains the American Academy of Otolaryngology. Ménières disease is an affliction that causes episodic vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus and a feeling of fullness in the ear. It typically affects only one ear, but 15 percent of patients experience Ménières disease in both ears.
An ENT physician uses several tests to diagnose Ménières disease, including hearing tests and electronystagmograms to test balance function, explains the American Academy of Otoloaryngology. Other diagnostic tools include electrocochleography, which evaluates fluid pressure of the inner ear, and auditory brainstem response testing, which makes use of computer-based technology to map the brain pathways of the hearing nerves. An otolaryngologist may also order a CT scan or magnetic resonance image of the brain to rule out a tumor.