A doctor who diagnoses neurological disorders is known as a neurologist, according to Healthline. Neurologists treat diseases that affect the central and peripheral nervous system, which encompass the brain, spinal cord and nerves.
Symptoms that may indicate a neurological disorder include coordination problems, lack of sensation and muscle weakness, states Healthline. Sensory problems, such as symptoms affecting sight, hearing, vision or taste, may also require the attention of a neurologist. Neurologists commonly treat disorders including multiple sclerosis, seizure disorders, chronic pain disorders and spinal cord disorders. Other disorders treated by neurologists include meningitis, encephalitis, Lou Gehrig's disease and Alzheimer's disease.