The type of diabetes associated with clear-colored urine is diabetes insipidus, claims WebMD. Diabetes insipidus is caused by complications of antidiuretic hormone, which is produced in the hypothalamus. The problems related to the receptor of the antidiuretic hormone also cause diabetes insipidus.
Diabetes insipidus occurs when too little antidiuretic hormone is produced. The condition is known as central diabetes insipidus, explains WebMD. Diabetes insipidus also occurs when there is enough production of the antidiuretic hormone, but the kidney does not respond to it. In that case, the condition is called nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
Either form of diabetes insipidus disables the water conservation ability of the kidney, which leads to the excretion of plenty of dilute urine, notes WebMD. The condition leads to extreme thirst and production of excessive urine. In extreme cases, the condition can also result in dehydration.
To treat diabetes insipidus, WebMD advises the patient to replace the water that is lost through urination by taking plenty of fluids. The missing antidiuretic hormone can be replaced with vasopressin, taken orally or through a nasal spray.
Although nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be harder to treat, WebMD recommends termination of any drugs that may be causing the disease. The patient can also take medicines, such as indomethacin and hydrochlorothiazide, to cure nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.