Type 2 diabetes treatments involve regular blood sugar testing along with the use of a variety of prescribed medications. Insulin therapy may also be used in combination with diabetic medications or taken independently. Additionally, other medications for associated health conditions and surgery may be recommended, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Medications such as Metformin and Thiazolidinediones treat Type 2 diabetes and work by improving insulin sensitivity and its use in the body, while others, such as Sulfonylureas and Meglitinides, help the body to secrete more insulin, according to Mayo Clinic. DPP-4 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists lower blood sugar levels, and SGLT2 inhibitors help the body to excrete sugar in the urine by preventing the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar into the blood. There are several types of insulin therapies used to treat Type 2 diabetes, and each works in a different way. Not all medications are appropriate for pregnant woman and can also have side effects.
In addition to the medications used to treat diabetes, a physician may prescribe low-dose aspirin therapy or cholesterol-lowering and blood pressure medications to help prevent blood vessel and heart disease. Bariatric surgery may be appropriate for some diabetic patients and can successfully help to return blood sugar levels to normal in some patients, according to Mayo Clinic.