There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but with effective management and lifestyle changes, the disease is controllable, according to Mayo Clinic. Type 2 diabetes, also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes, responds favorably to exercise and a healthy diet rich in fiber and low in fat that includes fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Medications to control diabetes may be necessary to live a normal life, including oral medications of various types or insulin therapy using injectable insulin.
For some people, a return to normal blood sugar levels is possible if they undergo bariatric surgery, notes WebMD. Candidates for this procedure have body mass indexes greater than 35. In as many as 95 percent of patients, blood sugar returns to normal following surgery, especially surgeries to bypass the small intestine.
Proper diabetes management staves off life-threatening complications, advises WebMD. Committing to diabetes management, eating healthy, exercising and wearing identification to alert medical providers to a diabetic condition are all part of diabetes control. Diabetics should also schedule regular eye exams, stay up to date on immunizations, take care of their teeth and pay special attention to their feet, looking for redness, sores, cuts and blisters that might have difficulty healing because of their condition.