Triple vessel disease refers to the presence of narrowing or blockages in all three of the major coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. An article in the journal "Circulation" on the American Heart Association website states that these blockages occupy 50 percent or more of the diameter of the artery.Continue Reading
The Mayo Clinic explains that two procedures are available for treating triple vessel coronary disease. Coronary artery bypass grafting, also known as open heart surgery, is one option. This is a surgery in which a vessel from another part of the body is used as a graft to bypass the coronary artery blockage. Angioplasty and stent placement is another procedure that is used. During this procedure, a doctor uses catheters and wires to place a balloon inside the blockage. The balloon is inflated, which pushes the blockage against the artery walls and opens the artery. Often a stent is left in the artery to help keep it open.
A study from the "Journal of Invasive Cardiology" reveals that, in terms of mortality and recurrent heart attack, the long-term outcomes of coronary bypass grafting and angioplasty are comparable. The Mayo Clinic reveals that committing to lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating healthy foods, exercising regularly and reducing stress levels is important to maintain the health of the heart's arteries.Learn more about Cardiac Health
High levels of cholesterol in the blood, especially LDL cholesterol, lead to an increased risk of having a heart attack or developing blockages in the arteries, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Excess cholesterol builds up in artery walls and eventually narrows the arteries, causing decreased blood flow.Full Answer >
The treatment options for heart blockages include medication and surgery. Medically referred to as coronary artery disease or as coronary heart disease, this is a medical condition in which fatty deposits accumulate and block the coronary arteries, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine.Full Answer >
An enlarged aorta is enlargement or bulging in the wall of the aorta, which is the largest blood vessel of the body that extends from the heart. This medical condition is also referred to as an aortic aneurysm, according to eMedicineHealth.Full Answer >
Side effects of cardiac catheterization include bleeding/infection at the catheter site, blood clots, blood vessel damage, heart rhythm problems and decreased blood flow to the heart tissue, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients are urged to discuss with their doctor all risks associated with the procedure, states Cleveland Clinic.Full Answer >