The best treatment option for clogged arteries depends on severity and may include lifestyle change, medication or surgery. Dangers posed by clogged arteries include development of coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease and carotid artery disease. Some of the symptoms associated with clogged arteries include difficulty in breathing, fatigue, nausea, painful sensations in the chest and heart palpitations.
Clogging of the arteries is a fairly common occurrence in the United States, according to the National Institutes of Health. Some of the tests carried out to establish whether a person has clogged arteries or not may include X-ray, ultrasound, angiogram, cholesterol screening and CT scan.
As a person grows older, she is likely to experience a buildup of plaque within the arteries, which is one of the major causes of this condition. Having too much cholesterol within the blood is another cause of arterial clogging. People who engage in frequent smoking are also likely to experience clogging of the arteries. Other causes include diabetes, family history and high blood pressure.
Some of the things involved in lifestyle change treatment include eating a diet that is low in cholesterol and fats, exercising regularly, learning to deal with stress and managing blood sugars. Surgical treatment includes stent placement, bypass surgery and balloon angioplasty.