Hormone therapy through intake of estrogen and progesterone, a low dosage of antidepressants, and the prescription drugs Gabapentin and Clonidine are treatment options for women's hot flashes, according to Mayo Clinic. Home remedies for mild hot flashes include staying in cool environments, avoiding food triggers, relaxing by performing deep breathing techniques, maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding cigarettes.
When choosing hormone therapy for symptom relief, doctors recommend using the lowest effective doses for very brief periods to lower risks of other health issues, notes Mayo Clinic. Estrogen is not advisable for patients with a history of blood clots or breast cancer.
While antidepressants do not work as effectively as hormone therapy, they are useful for women who cannot or prefer not to take hormones; however, they can cause side effects such as weight gain, dizziness, nausea, fatigue and headache, reports Mayo Clinic. Taking the anti-seizure medication Gabapentin may also cause headache, dizziness or drowsiness.
Identifying food triggers that lead to hot flashes is key to managing symptoms, notes Mayo Clinic. Alcohol, caffeinated drinks and spicy foods are common triggers. Practicing meditation and other relaxation techniques helps reduce hot flashes and improve sleep. To keep the body cool, doctors suggest wearing layers to make removing clothing easier when hot, switching on an air conditioner or fan, opening windows and drinking cold beverages.