If retinal tears are caused by vitreous detachment, cryopexy, which is a freezing treatment used to close the tear, or laser treatment is recommended, according to Cleveland Clinic. If no tearing has occurred, then therapy may not be necessary, and the floaters will become less noticeable in time. Most people will eventually notice no symptoms of vitreous attachment with the passage of time.
Vitreous detachment is only diagnosed during an eye examination in which the eyes are dilated. Because vitreous detachment can lead to detached retina or macular holes, preventing loss of vision is important to vision preservation, as stated by the National Eye Institute.
Vitreous detachment occurs when the vitreous shrinks or becomes stringy. These strands that are created by the shrinkage of the vitreous cast shadows on the retina of the eye and appears as floaters. These may look like specks or cobwebs that float in the field of vision. Although some floaters are normal, a sudden increase in the number of floaters may be indicative of vitreous detachment.
Those at greatest risk for vitreous detachment are people age 50 and older, although the condition is quite common at age 80 and beyond. Nearsighted people are also at a heightened risk for vitreous detachment.