What Are the Treatments for Vasovagal Syncope?


Quick Answer

Treatments for vasovagal syncope include taking a medication called midodrine, avoiding prolonged standing, wearing compression stockings, tightening leg muscles while standing, and drinking plenty of fluids, notes Mayo Clinic. Avoiding fainting triggers and increasing salt intake is also recommended. Treatment is only prescribed if the condition negatively affects a person's life.

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Full Answer

In rare cases, doctors recommend pacemaker implants to regulate the heart rates of people who experience vasovagal syncope. Pacemakers are only suggested if other treatment has failed, according to Mayo Clinic. Even after treatment, vasovagal syncope may recur. To prevent an episode, individuals who feel like they may faint should lie down with their legs elevated to maintain blood flow to the brain. Sitting down and placing the head between the knees is another option to help prevent symptoms from occurring.

Vasovagal syncope is a common cause of fainting that occurs when the nervous system malfunctions in response to a trigger and causes the heart rate and blood pressure to drop suddenly, explains Mayo Clinic. This leads to decreased blood flow to the brain, which causes fainting. Common triggers include emotional distress, heat exposure, prolonged standing, fear of injury, or the sight of blood. Straining during a bowel movement is also a potential cause.

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